PAMIR TOUR – 'ROOF OF THE WORLD'
Route: Dushanbe-Kalai khum- Khorog-Ishkashim- Vahan corridor –Yashilkul lake -Murgab-Karakul lake – Jelondi hot spring - Khorog - Dushanbe
Duration: 11 days/ 10nights
Day 1 Dushanbe via Istanbul or other international fligh
Meet in the airport and transfer to hotel.
Day 2 Dushanbe – Hissar – Dushanbe 30+30km
Breakfast. Sightseeing the Dushanbe city: Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. Dushanbe means "Monday" in Tajik (Persian language), and the name reflects the fact that the city grew on the site of a village that originally was a popular Monday marketplace. Situated at the confluence of two rivers, Varzob and Kofarnihon.
Tajikistan United Museum – includes the exhibits on history, natural history and art, Museum of ethnography – professional showcase of 20th centure Tajik art. The collection includes pottery, carpets, cloaks, embroidery, jeweler, musical instruments, woodwork and more. Sleeping Budda.
Monument Somoni and park Rudaki. Lunch in local restoran.
Hissar fortress 30km outside of city – the remains of an 18th century fortress, occupied until 1924 is located in 30 km west of Dushanbe. Beside the fortress are two plain madrassahs, one dating from the 18th century and the other 19th, and beyond them is the mausoleum of 16th century (25km). Drive to Dushanbe.Dinner at national chayhana (teahouse).Overnight in hotel
Day 3 Dushanbe – Kalai Khum (380km)
Breakfast. Drive to Kalai Khum.On the way excursion to fortress Hulbuk. The ancient fortress and site of ancient settlement of Hulbuk is in Vose district of Hatlon region in settlement of Kurbonshaid. In the IX century the huge territory between Vahshem and Pjandzhem was occupied with area of Huttal. During the most ancient period of the history of Huttal it was part of Bactria. None of the medieval geographers could give exact geographical border of Huttal. The city of Hulbuk which "disappeared" for some reasons after the XII century was the area capital at that time. Long-term archeological excavations and researches have confirmed, that exactly on this hill, in the center of Hulbuk, there located a palace of the local governor. Originally walls and ceilings were ornated by a carving on alabaster, wall painting in the form of images of soldiers, musicians and musical instruments
Drive to Kalai Khum. This region adheres more strongly to Muslim traditions and this can be seen in the conservative dress and beards. Over a mountain pass to Kalaikhum the scenery and people change again. Here the people are Pamiris, not Tajiks, a number of separate tribal groups with their own languages. Overnight in guesthouse.
Day 4 Kalai Khum – Khorog 240km
Breakfast. Drive to Khorоg. Follow the fascinating road along the Afghan border. On the Tajik side, the road is asphalted and buildings have metal and glass in their construction. On the Afghan side, about 100m away, everything is mud, wood and donkey tracks.
Khorog is the capital of Gorno-Badakshan oblast (since 1925). It is a comparatively small city. Before the revolution there were only two villages (kishlaks). They were connected by mountain paths. The valley in these places is very narrow, so city consists of one street. It is surrounded with gardens. Its green costume is made of apple, apricot and mulberry trees. Next to Khorog on a hill is a Pamir botanical garden. Plants, trees and bushes almost from all countries of the world are gathered there. Khorog has a small but beautiful park with a lake and a stadium. Long time ago the people of this area were completely illiterate. During the Soviet period dozens of schools, libraries, technical schools, colleges began to appear. Automobile tracts which connected Pamir with the railway and the entire country were built.
City tour: museum, botanic gardens, bazaar. Dinner. Overnight in hotel.
Day 5 Khorog – village Yamg (Vahan corridor) 220km
Breakfast. Drive to Yamg. In the way excursion Garmchashma.It is situated on the right shore of the river Garmchashma and upper part of the valley settlement of Garmchashma district. It takes its beginning from lime rock there is the altar, connected with the origin of the source, and which is protected with wall and makes its way through earth and rocks, forming a pool. In the upper pool it reaches +600C, flows down on ledge cools of until +400C. The water of this source is effective for the treatment of skin disease, joint disease, rheumatism and radiculite. There are small mountain caves in the Eastern part of the source.
The fortress of Kakh-Kakh and the sanctuary of Shohi Mardon.It is situated on the bank of the river Panj, on the isolated rocky height, stretched out along the river 1km east from the settlement of lower Namadgut. The length of the fortress from West to east is 675m, from South to North-220m. it is protected by double layers of walls, fortified with 56 towers of round shapes with loopholes. The foundation of walls and towers built from west to east protected by double layers of walls, with loopholes. The entrance to the fortress is from the west side. The foundation of walls and towers build from stones, the main part of walls-are composed from land blocks. The base of the fortress refer to cushion period of the 2 century before Christ as a defensive building the fortress served until 7 century according to the legends, the emperor of this fortress was the tsar of siyohpushon kakh-kakh.
The fortress Yamchun and the Holy spring of Bibi Fotima - The fortress and spring are situated above the village of Yamchun, on a stony inclination, in gorge and the river Yamchun. The fortress consists of two grounds, The first takes the whole part of the cliff. The distance from north to south is 450m. The wall of the fortress is fortified with 22 rounds in towers with loopholes. The second ground, from south east side, tetragonal shape. (150*200). The fortress refers to Kushan period. It was built in 8-1 centuries Before Christ.
The house-museum of Muboraki Vakhani and his stony calendar - It is situated in the village of Yamg jamoat of Vrang. Muborake Vakhoni (1842-1902) was one the popular thinkers, well-educated and talented person. He was a philosopher, poet, musician, astronomer artificial master, religious expert, theologian-sufi. Sometimeshe was called Leonardo da Vinci from Yamga. With the help of his calendar he precisely defined the day of vernal equinox (the 21st of March) Navruz (New Year)
Dinner and overnight in the guest house.
Day 6 Village Yamg –Yashikul lake - Murgab 240km
Breakfast. Drive to Murgab via pass Khargushi (4344m above see level) to Murgab.
In the way sightseeing: Kelis and Buddhist monastery - Kelis are located on a perpendicular slope of the first, right terrace of the river Panj in Vrang. They were dig up in conglomerates. The arched accommodations rounded in plan, with aroched exits (3-4 diametr, hight 1,2-2,2m). Above Kelis in height on moraine is disposed Buddhist monastery and fortified the settlement. This place is discovered in 6-7 century. The ground of Buddhist monastery fenced with stone walls (the height is about 180m, width until 1m). The inside central place is a three stepped mortar (12x12m, 8,8m, 4.4m)
Drive to Yashikul lake. Yashilkul means "green lake". It is situated 3,700m above sea level and is 19km long and 1 – 4 km wide, with a maximum depth of 50 m. The water temperature is never above 14°C. The water is fresh and pure; schools of fish swim in the shallow water, and sprouts of seaweed can be seen between stones through the clear deep water. In the wilderness of the Pamir mountains, such places as Yashilkul Lake are very rare. The lake was formed as the result of a dam that blocked the Alichur River.
Lunch in the Alichur village. Drive to Murgab. Murgab highest district in the Tajikistan, located in the 4314m above see level. Dinner and overnight in the guest house.
Day 7 Murgab – Karakul lake – Murgab 145+145km
Breakfast. Drive to Karakul lake via highest pass in Central Asia “Ak-baytal” 4655m.
Walking and resting near Karakul lake. Karakul or Qaraqul ("Black Lake"), also formerly known as Lake Victoria, is a 52 km (32 mi) diameter lake in the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan. It lies within the Tajik National Park. The lake lies at an altitude of 3,900 m (12,800 ft) above mean sea level. A peninsula projecting from the south shore and an island off the north shore divide the lake into two basins: a smaller, relatively shallow eastern one, between 13 to 19 m (43 to 62 ft) deep, and a larger western one, 221 to 230 m (725 to 750 ft) deep. It is endorheic (lacking a drainage outlet) and the water is brackish. There is a small village with the same name as the lake.
Lunch. Drive back to Murgab. Dinner and overnight in the guest house.
Day 8 Murgab – Jelondi 180km
Breakfast. Drive to Jelondi. Rest in the hot spring. Overnight in in guest house.
Day 9 Jelondi – Kalai Khum 340km
Breakfast. Drive to Kalai Khum. Overnight in guest house.
Day 10 Kalai Khum – Dushanbe 280km
Breakfast. Drive to Dushanbe via another way Tavildara valley and Rogun
Overnight in hotel.
Day 11 Dushanbe via Istanbul or other international flight
Breakfast. Transfer to the airport.